HBCU Need US ( The Black Community ) as much as they need anyone
WASHINGTON – A little help may be on the way for historically black colleges and universities struggling against falling financial support and an increasingly skeptical public.
The bipartisan Congressional HBCU Caucus was launched last week, with Reps. Alma Adams (D-N.C.) and Bradley Byrne (R-Ala.) at the helm. Its 45 members are charged with safeguarding the interests of historically black colleges and universities, supporting students and graduates; creating a national dialogue; and educating other members of Congress on the value of these institutions.
“This bipartisan HBCU Caucus is bringing together champions for HBCUs, so that we can make an even bigger impact to ensure their needs are heard in every aspect of policy making and across party lines,” said Adams, creator and co-chair of the caucus and an alumna of North Carolina A&T State University in Greensboro.
“[HBCUs] do what no other schools do for students like me, a poor black girl from Newark, New Jersey who came to North Carolina – wasn’t fully prepared – but yet North Carolina took me in, got me prepared, and I was able to do what I’m doing right now.”
The caucus comes at a time when HBCUs are facing a barrage of challenges. In 2011, Congress put more funding toward need-based Pell grants, but lowered the cap to 12 semesters (or six school years) instead of the previous 18. Non-traditional students, such as parents, veterans, and people beyond their early 20s, as well as low-income students who work part-time, often have complicated circumstances that make it difficult to go straight through four years of school full time. for such students, it can take several years to earn a degree.
“Many of our young people really do have to work…to pay for education. So a large majority of students we serve at our HBCUs in particular are on financial aid – several types of financial aid,” Adams said at a launch event for the caucus. “We talk about access and affordability. You don’t have access if you don’t have the check to go with it.”
The same year, federal parent PLUS loan requirements were changed in an effort to keep financially burdened families from taking on more debt. The changes went into effect almost immediately, and thousands of previously approved parents were abruptly denied for a renewal. As a result thousands of students – largely black, low-income, and first-generation – were forced to pause or delay their college educations.
According to data from the National Association of Student Financial Aid Administrators, enrollment at HBCUs fell 3.4 percent for fall 2012. The number of students with PLUS loans fell 46 percent, and HBCUs saw a 36 percent decrease in the awarded dollar amounts. That meant fewer students able to continue college, and less revenue for the schools.
The Obama administration has corrected this oversight, but the damage has been done.“Our parents spend much more money on educating their children than white families do. That’s just a fact, if you look at percentage of income,” said caucus member Rep. James Clyburn (D-S.C.) at the same event. “We’re talking about good students who need an opportunity, who need to go into an environment that’s nurturing. So we are going to have to fight for these HBCUs.”
There is also less aid available for institutions. According to a 2014 report from the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, state schools now rely on students fees and tuition for 48 percent of their revenues, compared to 24 percent in 1988. Of the nation’s 105 HBCUs, nearly half are state schools. Meanwhile, Texas, North Carolina, South Carolina, West Virginia, Virginia, Arkansas, Kentucky, Missouri, Florida, and Delaware were all caught withholding state funds specifically from their HBCUs.
The Department of Education shells out roughly $300 million for black schools each year. But this funding, like all federal money, can change without warning from year to year. Howard University, for example, is a private school, but has historically had its own line in the budget that serves as a critical source of funding. In 2012, this funding was cut by more than $12 million, and has remained at that amount